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Match/mismatch between the Mytilus edulis larval supply and seston quality: effect on recruitment.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22928420     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We considered Cushing's match/mismatch theory in a heterotrophic environment and hypothesized that settlement and recruitment success in blue mussel are higher when the food supply is rich in polyunsaturated and essential fatty acids (PUFA/EFA). To test this hypothesis, we monitored larval development as well as fatty acid composition in trophic resources during two successive reproductive seasons. The decoupling we found between the presence of competent larvae in the water column and settlement rates strongly suggests that metamorphosis is delayed until conditions are suitable. In both years, the major mussel settlement peak was synchronized with a phytoplanktonic pulse rich in EFA, consisting of a large autotrophic bloom in 2007 and a short but substantial peak of picoeukaryotes in 2008. These results suggest a "trophic settlement trigger" that indirectly affects recruitment by strongly improving the settlement rate. Despite similar larval settlement rates during both years, the lower 2007 recruitment likely resulted from a mismatch with a high lipid-quality trophic resource. The seasonal trophic conditions differed greatly between the two years, with fatty acids profiles reflecting heterotrophic plankton production in 2007 and mostly autotrophic production in 2008. In agreement with Cushing's theory, our results highlight a match/mismatch, related to the food lipid quality rather than food quantity. For the first time, we show that the recruitment in marine bivalves may be dependent on phytoplanktonic pulses characterized by high levels of PUFA.
Authors:
Nicolas Toupoint; Lisandre Gilmore-Solomon; François Bourque; Bruno Myrand; Fabrice Pernet; Frédéric Olivier; Réjean Tremblay
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Ecology     Volume:  93     ISSN:  0012-9658     ISO Abbreviation:  Ecology     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-08-29     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0043541     Medline TA:  Ecology     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1922-34     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Institut des Sciences de la Mer (ISMER), Université du Québec à Rimouski (UQAR), 310 Allee des Ursulines, CP 3300, Rimouski, Québec GSL 3A1 Canada. nicolas.toupoint@uqar.qc.ca
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