Document Detail

Is being breastfed as an infant associated with adult pulmonary function?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16192256     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: Breastfeeding reduces the risk of asthma and respiratory infections in infants. Since respiratory infections are associated with reduced pulmonary function in adolescents, pulmonary function impairment may be carried into adulthood. Our aim was to determine whether a history of having been breastfed as an infant is a determinant of adult pulmonary function. METHODS: We analyzed data from a general population sample of residents of Erie and Niagara Counties between September 1995 and December 1999. We calculated forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV(1)) and forced vital capacity (FVC) prediction equations and used multiple linear regression models to study the association between having been breastfed as an infant and percentage predicted FEV(1) (FEV(1)%) and percentage predicted FVC (FVC%) after adjustment for covariates. RESULTS: Of 2305 subjects, 62% reported having been breastfed. After controlling for age, gender, weight, smoking status, pack-years of smoking, eosinophil counts and dietary factors, there was no association between having been breastfed (yes/no) and FEV(1)% or FVC% (regression coefficients 0.0049, p = 0.46 and 0.0055, p = 0.43, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: We did not find a strong or consistent association between having been breastfed as an infant and pulmonary function in adulthood.
Aasma Shaukat; Jo L Freudenheim; Brydon J B Grant; Paola Muti; Heather M Ochs-Balcom; Susan E McCann; Maurizio Trevisan; Licia Iacoviello; Holger J Schünemann
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American College of Nutrition     Volume:  24     ISSN:  0731-5724     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Coll Nutr     Publication Date:  2005 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-09-29     Completed Date:  2005-12-08     Revised Date:  2008-06-23    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8215879     Medline TA:  J Am Coll Nutr     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  327-33     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Medicine, University at Buffalo, State University of New York, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Breast Feeding*
Forced Expiratory Flow Rates
Infant, Newborn
Interviews as Topic
Linear Models
Lung / physiology*
Middle Aged
Respiratory Function Tests
Risk Factors
Smoking / adverse effects
Vital Capacity / physiology*
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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