Document Detail


The autonomic nervous system in cardiac electrophysiology: an elegant interaction and emerging concepts.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20926936     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The autonomic nervous system plays an integral role in the modulation of normal cardiac electrophysiology. This is achieved via a complex network of pre- and postganglionic sympathetic and parasympathetic fibers that synapse on extrinsic and intrinsic cardiac ganglia and ultimately directly innervate cardiac myocytes. Alterations in autonomic tone may induce changes in local cellular electrophysiology that may manifest clinically in a number of ways, ranging from changes in heart rate to changes in heart rhythm. These relationships between autonomic tone and the evolution of cardiac dysrhythmias are areas of evolving research, with increasing evidence for a key role for autonomic ganglia in the pathogenesis of atrial fibrillation and sympathetic nerves in the predilection toward ventricular tachycardia in areas of myocardial scar. In this review, we highlight what is known about the anatomy and physiology of the cardiac autonomic nervous system, the evidence supporting the relationship of autonomic tone to clinically significant arrhythmias, and a variety of mechanisms (eg, direct ion channel effects) and diagnostic tools that exist to help define this relationship. Further emphasized are potential future avenues of research needed to elucidate the relationship between changes in normal autonomic tone and the pathogenesis of cardiac arrhythmias.
Authors:
Suraj Kapa; K L Venkatachalam; Samuel J Asirvatham
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cardiology in review     Volume:  18     ISSN:  1538-4683     ISO Abbreviation:  Cardiol Rev     Publication Date:    2010 Nov-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-10-07     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9304686     Medline TA:  Cardiol Rev     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  275-84     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
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