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The attenuated virulence of a Burkholderia cenocepacia paaABCDE mutant is due to inhibition of quorum sensing by release of phenylacetic acid.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25155974     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
The phenylacetic acid degradation pathway of Burkholderia cenocepacia is active during cystic fibrosis-like conditions and is necessary for full pathogenicity of B. cenocepacia in nematode and rat infection models; however, the reasons for such requirements are unknown. Here, we show that the attenuated virulence of a phenylacetic acid catabolism mutant is due to quorum sensing inhibition. Unlike wild type B. cenocepacia, a deletion mutant of the phenylacetyl-CoA monooxygenase complex (ΔpaaABCDE) released phenylacetic acid in the medium that favors infection in Caenorhabditis elegans. Addition of phenylacetic acid further decreased the pathogenicity of the ΔpaaABCDE, which cannot metabolize phenylacetic acid, but did not affect the wild type, due to phenylacetic acid consumption. In line with reduced detection of acyl-homoserine lactones in spent medium, the ΔpaaABCDE exhibited transcriptional inhibition of the quorum sensing system cepIR. Phenotypes repressed in ΔpaaABCDE, protease activity and pathogenicity against C. elegans, increased with exogenous N-octanoyl-L-homoserine lactone. Thus, we demonstrate that the attenuated phenotype of B. cenocepacia ΔpaaABCDE is due to quorum sensing inhibition by release of phenylacetic acid, affecting N-octanoyl-L-homoserine lactone signaling. Further, we propose that active degradation of phenylacetic acid by B. cenocepacia during growth in cystic fibrosis-like conditions prevents accumulation of a quorum sensing inhibiting compound.
Tanya Pribytkova; Tasia Joy Lightly; Brijesh Kumar; Steve P Bernier; John L Sorensen; Michael G Surette; Silvia T Cardona
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-8-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Molecular microbiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1365-2958     ISO Abbreviation:  Mol. Microbiol.     Publication Date:  2014 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-8-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8712028     Medline TA:  Mol Microbiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
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