Document Detail


The association of urbanisation with the prevalence of dental caries among schoolchildren in Nigeria new capital territory.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9779083     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The aim of this study was to examine the association of urbanisation and social class with dental caries. A multi-stage stratified cluster sampling technique was used to select schoolchildren (n = 915). Clinical examination was carried out in daylight according to WHO criteria. The distribution of the subjects between strata was: 315 (urban); 303 (semi-urban) and 297 (rural). The mean age of subjects in each strata was 11.4 years. The mean number of decayed teeth (DT) in the respective strata were 27 per cent; 24 per cent; and 12 per cent. Urban children and semi-urban had higher risk for caries than their rural reference group. Urbanisation had no significant effect on the caries prevalence when social class was controlled except among subjects from the low social class in semi-urban areas. The development of satellite towns around big cities do have implications for planning oral health services.
Authors:
M A el-Nadeef; A O Adegbembo; E Honkala
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International dental journal     Volume:  48     ISSN:  0020-6539     ISO Abbreviation:  Int Dent J     Publication Date:  1998 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-11-12     Completed Date:  1998-11-12     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0374714     Medline TA:  Int Dent J     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  44-9     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
Affiliation:
Division of Dental Infectious Diseases, University of Helsinki, Finland.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Child
Cluster Analysis
DMF Index
Dental Caries / epidemiology*
Dental Health Services / statistics & numerical data
Health Planning / statistics & numerical data
Humans
Income
Nigeria / epidemiology
Odds Ratio
Poverty
Prevalence
Risk Factors
Rural Health / statistics & numerical data
Social Class
Suburban Health / statistics & numerical data
Urban Health / statistics & numerical data
Urbanization*
World Health Organization

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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