Document Detail


The association of self-reported sleep, weight status, and academic performance in fifth-grade students.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23331266     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: To improve support and justification for health promotion efforts in schools, it is helpful to understand how students' health behaviors affect academic performance.
METHODS: Fifth-grade students completed an online school-administered health survey with questions regarding their eating behavior, physical activity, academic performance, and sleep patterns. Differences in health behaviors were examined by sex, self-reported weight status, and sufficient (≥9 hours) versus insufficient sleep. Logistic regression was used to determine the relationship between academic performance and the health behaviors.
RESULTS: One third of the sample did not get the recommended amount of physical activity and more than half of the students watched television ≥ 2 hours/day. Self-reported overweight status was related to lower self-reported academic performance, fewer lunch and breakfast occasions, less physical activity, not meeting the recommendations for vegetable and soda consumption as well as hours of television watching. Sufficient sleep (≥9 hours/night) was associated with better grades, meeting the recommended hours of daily television watching and video game playing, being more physically active and increased breakfast and lunch frequency. Percentage of serving free/reduced lunch, soda consumption, breakfast frequency, amount of physical activity, and television watching were associated with academic performance.
CONCLUSION: More positive health behaviors generally were associated with better academic performance. Promoting healthy behaviors in schools might improve not only students' health academic performance as well.
Authors:
Nanette Stroebele; Janise McNally; Amy Plog; Scott Siegfried; James O Hill
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of school health     Volume:  83     ISSN:  1746-1561     ISO Abbreviation:  J Sch Health     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-21     Completed Date:  2013-07-30     Revised Date:  2014-02-04    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376370     Medline TA:  J Sch Health     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  77-84     Citation Subset:  IM; N    
Copyright Information:
© 2013, American School Health Association.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Body Weight
Chi-Square Distribution
Colorado
Educational Measurement*
Feeding Behavior / physiology*
Female
Health Behavior
Health Status Indicators
Health Surveys
Humans
Incidence
Internet
Logistic Models
Male
Motor Activity / physiology*
Needs Assessment
Overweight / epidemiology*
Questionnaires
Risk Assessment
Self Report*
Sex Factors
Sleep / physiology*
Students / statistics & numerical data
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
DK048520/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; DK42549/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; HD055036/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; K99 HD055036/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R00 HD055036/HD/NICHD NIH HHS
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From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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