Document Detail


The association of indicators of fetal growth with visual acuity and hearing among conscripts.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11246586     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Impaired fetal growth is associated with increased susceptibility to several chronic diseases. We studied the association between birth weight, indicators of disproportional fetal growth, and impaired visual acuity and hearing in 4,300 conscripts from a well-defined region in Denmark from August 1, 1993, to July 31, 1994. From the standard health examination for conscripts, we obtained data on sight based on the Snellen's chart and data on hearing acuity based on audiometry. By means of record linkage, we obtained data on outcomes for the conscripts at birth from the Medical Birth Registry. From this registry, we have data on birth weight, gestational age, and birth length that were recorded from existing computerized registers based on the records of midwives. A birth weight of less than 3,000 gm and a body mass index at birth of less than 3.4 were associated with reduced visual acuity and impaired hearing. The results could be due to fetal brain programming or due to confounding, by early birth trauma or other factors.
Authors:
J Olsen; H T Sørensen; F H Steffensen; S Sabroe; M W Gillman; P Fischer; K J Rothman
Related Documents :
15592116 - The effect of flicker rate on nasal and temporal measured visual field extent in infants.
3168636 - Infant visual attention in the paired-comparison paradigm: test-retest and attention-pe...
11093096 - A comparative trial of gobin's method versus conventional surgery for refractive/accomm...
21643556 - Development of pre-word-learning skills in infants with cochlear implants.
2919526 - Aetiology of congenital hypothyroidism in finland.
18116226 - The diagnosis of intestinal obstruction in the newborn; a review of the literature with...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Epidemiology (Cambridge, Mass.)     Volume:  12     ISSN:  1044-3983     ISO Abbreviation:  Epidemiology     Publication Date:  2001 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-03-14     Completed Date:  2001-04-19     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9009644     Medline TA:  Epidemiology     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  235-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Danish Epidemiology Science Centre at the Institute of Epidemiology and Social Medicine, University of Aarhus.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Birth Weight
Body Constitution*
Cohort Studies
Denmark
Embryonic and Fetal Development / physiology*
Fetal Growth Retardation / complications
Gestational Age
Hearing / physiology*
Hearing Disorders / etiology
Humans
Infant, Low Birth Weight
Infant, Newborn
Male
Military Personnel*
Registries
Vision Disorders / etiology
Visual Acuity / physiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  The risk of cataract among users of inhaled steroids.
Next Document:  Alcohol consumption in relation to 20-year COPD mortality and pulmonary function in middle-aged men...