Document Detail

The association of indicators of fetal growth with visual acuity and hearing among conscripts.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11246586     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Impaired fetal growth is associated with increased susceptibility to several chronic diseases. We studied the association between birth weight, indicators of disproportional fetal growth, and impaired visual acuity and hearing in 4,300 conscripts from a well-defined region in Denmark from August 1, 1993, to July 31, 1994. From the standard health examination for conscripts, we obtained data on sight based on the Snellen's chart and data on hearing acuity based on audiometry. By means of record linkage, we obtained data on outcomes for the conscripts at birth from the Medical Birth Registry. From this registry, we have data on birth weight, gestational age, and birth length that were recorded from existing computerized registers based on the records of midwives. A birth weight of less than 3,000 gm and a body mass index at birth of less than 3.4 were associated with reduced visual acuity and impaired hearing. The results could be due to fetal brain programming or due to confounding, by early birth trauma or other factors.
J Olsen; H T Sørensen; F H Steffensen; S Sabroe; M W Gillman; P Fischer; K J Rothman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Epidemiology (Cambridge, Mass.)     Volume:  12     ISSN:  1044-3983     ISO Abbreviation:  Epidemiology     Publication Date:  2001 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-03-14     Completed Date:  2001-04-19     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9009644     Medline TA:  Epidemiology     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  235-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Danish Epidemiology Science Centre at the Institute of Epidemiology and Social Medicine, University of Aarhus.
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MeSH Terms
Birth Weight
Body Constitution*
Cohort Studies
Embryonic and Fetal Development / physiology*
Fetal Growth Retardation / complications
Gestational Age
Hearing / physiology*
Hearing Disorders / etiology
Infant, Low Birth Weight
Infant, Newborn
Military Personnel*
Vision Disorders / etiology
Visual Acuity / physiology*

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