Document Detail

The association of heart valve diseases with coronary artery dominance.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20583404     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Aortic stenosis (AS) is thought to be caused by calcific degeneration of the aortic valve. Clinical observations suggest an association between a left dominant coronary circulation and AS, a situation previously investigated at necropsy and with small observational studies. Mitral regurgitation (MR) and aortic regurgitation (AR) are both disorders with multiple etiologies, but neither has any known association with coronary artery dominance. METHODS: The coronary angiogram database of a tertiary referral centre was reviewed for consecutive left heart catheter data acquired over a six-year period. The severity of AS was classified by measured pressure gradient (in mmHg) as none (0), mild (< 30), moderate (30-49), or severe (> 49). Both, MR and AR were assessed visually by the operator. RESULTS: A total of 1,891 patients was included. In the AS group there was a significant association with a left dominant coronary circulation (p < 0.0001), and the proportion of patients with left dominance increased with the severity of AS (p < 0.005). There was no significant association of AR with coronary artery dominance (p = 0.84). MR was associated with a reduced prevalence of left dominance (p < 0.005). CONCLUSION: AS was associated with a left dominant coronary circulation, and the incidence of left dominance was increased with the severity of AS, but the opposite situation was true for MR. The reasons for these observations remain unclear.
Gwilym M Morris; Anthony L Innasimuthu; Jonathan P Fox; Raphael A Perry
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of heart valve disease     Volume:  19     ISSN:  0966-8519     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Heart Valve Dis.     Publication Date:  2010 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-06-29     Completed Date:  2010-07-26     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9312096     Medline TA:  J Heart Valve Dis     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  389-93     Citation Subset:  IM    
Division of Cardiovascular and Endocrine Sciences, University of Manchester, Liverpool, United Kingdom.
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MeSH Terms
Aortic Valve Insufficiency / physiopathology*
Aortic Valve Stenosis / physiopathology*
Coronary Circulation / physiology*
Coronary Vessels / physiopathology*
Mitral Valve Insufficiency / physiopathology*
Severity of Illness Index

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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