Document Detail

The association between state housing policy and lead poisoning in children.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10553390     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the effect of an active program of household lead paint hazard abatement, applied over 22 years, on childhood lead poisoning in Massachusetts. METHODS: A small areas analysis was used to compare screening blood lead levels of children in Worcester County, Mass (n = 27,590), with those in Providence County, RI (n = 19,071). Data were collapsed according to census tract. RESULTS: The percentage of children with lead poisoning (blood lead level > or = 20 micrograms/dL [Pe20]) was, on average, 3 times higher in Providence County census tracts (3.2% vs 0.9% in Worcester County census tracts, P < .0001), despite similar percentages of pre-1950s housing in both counties. The ratio of Pe20 in Providence vs Worcester County census tracts was 2.2 (95% confidence interval = 1.8, 2.7), after adjustment for differences in housing, sociodemographic, and screening characteristics. This estimate was robust to alternative regression methods and sensitivity analyses. CONCLUSIONS: Massachusetts policy, which requires lead paint abatement of children's homes and places liability for lead paint poisoning on property owners, may have substantially reduced childhood lead poisoning in that state.
J D Sargent; M Dalton; E Demidenko; P Simon; R Z Klein
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of public health     Volume:  89     ISSN:  0090-0036     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Public Health     Publication Date:  1999 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-11-19     Completed Date:  1999-11-19     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1254074     Medline TA:  Am J Public Health     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1690-5     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Pediatrics, Dartmouth Medical School, Hanover, NH 03756, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Child, Preschool
Lead / blood*
Lead Poisoning / blood,  prevention & control*
Least-Squares Analysis
Odds Ratio
Public Housing / standards*
Public Policy*
Sensitivity and Specificity
Reg. No./Substance:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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