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The association between the psychological status and the severity of facial deformity in orthognathic patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22007634     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the psychological status and correlate it with the severity of facial deformities of patients with skeletal malocclusions before orthognathic treatment. Materials and Methods: A total of 96 patients aged 15 to 47 with skeletal malocclusions were examined before orthognathic treatment was provided. A photographic analysis was carried out to determine the severity of facial deformity according to the Facial Aesthetic Index (FA1). All patients were divided into three groups according to the FAI score: light (0 to 9), moderate (10 to 19), and severe (>19) facial deformities. Thirty subjects aged 17 to 39 with normal occlusion and attractive harmonious faces without previous orthodontic and/or surgical history were taken as controls. Psychological testing of controls and patients in the study group was performed before orthognathic treatment was provided. Results: Psychological testing showed no statistically significant differences among groups with light and moderate facial deformity and subjects in the control group. Significant differences were encountered among patients with severe facial deformities compared with controls in a series of personality traits, including introversion, neuroticism, trait anxiety, dependency, unsociability, and leadership. Conclusions: Orthognathic patients with different degrees of facial deformity have different psychological profiles. Patients with light and moderate facial deformity have no significant psychological problems. Patients with severe facial deformity show a significantly higher prevalence of emotional instability, introversion, anxiety, and unsociability. Such psychological profiles make orthognathic patients with severe facial deformity prone to psychological distress, depression, and adverse psychological reactions.
Aleksandra Kovalenko; Anna Slabkovskaya; Nailya Drobysheva; Leonid Persin; Alexey Drobyshev; Marcello Maddalone
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-10-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Angle orthodontist     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1945-7103     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-10-19     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370550     Medline TA:  Angle Orthod     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
a Researcher, Department of Orthodontics, Moscow State University of Medicine and Dentistry, Moscow, Russia.
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