Document Detail

The association between obesity and screening mammography accuracy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15159273     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Obesity is increasing among American women, especially as they age. The influence of obesity on the accuracy of screening mammography has not been studied extensively.
METHODS: We analyzed 100 622 screening mammography examinations performed on members of a nonprofit health plan. The relationship between body mass index (weight in kilograms divided by the square of height in meters) and measures of screening accuracy was assessed. Body mass index was categorized as underweight or normal weight (<25), overweight (25-29), obesity class I (30-34), and obesity classes II to III (> or =35).
RESULTS: Compared with underweight or normal weight women, overweight and obese women were more likely to be recalled for additional tests after adjusting for important covariates, including age and breast density (overweight odds ratio [OR], 1.17; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.11-1.23); obesity class I OR, 1.27; 95% CI, 1.19-1.35; obesity classes II-III OR, 1.31; 95% CI, 1.22-1.41). As body mass index increased, women were more likely to have lower specificity (overweight OR, 0.86; 95% CI, 0.81-0.90; obesity class I OR, 0.79; 95% CI, 0.74-0.84; and obesity classes II-III OR, 0.77; 95% CI, 0.71-0.82). No statistically significant differences were noted in sensitivity. Adjusted receiver operating characteristic analysis showed statistically significant improvement in the area under the curve (AUC) for underweight or normal weight women (AUC = 0.941) vs overweight women (AUC = 0.916, P =.02) and underweight or normal weight women vs obesity classes II and III women (AUC = 0.904, P =.02).
CONCLUSIONS: Obese women had more than a 20% increased risk of having false-positive mammography results compared with underweight and normal weight women, although sensitivity was unchanged. Achieving a normal weight may improve screening mammography performance.
Joann G Elmore; Patricia A Carney; Linn A Abraham; William E Barlow; Joseph R Egger; Jessica S Fosse; Gary R Cutter; R Edward Hendrick; Carl J D'Orsi; Prashni Paliwal; Stephen H Taplin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of internal medicine     Volume:  164     ISSN:  0003-9926     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch. Intern. Med.     Publication Date:  2004 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-05-25     Completed Date:  2004-06-15     Revised Date:  2014-09-12    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372440     Medline TA:  Arch Intern Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1140-7     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Body Mass Index*
Body Weight
Breast Neoplasms / diagnosis*,  epidemiology
Case-Control Studies
Cohort Studies
False Negative Reactions
False Positive Reactions
Mammography / methods*
Mass Screening / methods
Middle Aged
Obesity / diagnosis*,  epidemiology
Odds Ratio
Reference Values
Risk Factors
Sensitivity and Specificity
United States / epidemiology
Grant Support
HS 10591/HS/AHRQ HHS; K05 CA104699/CA/NCI NIH HHS; R01 CA107623/CA/NCI NIH HHS; R01 CA107623-04/CA/NCI NIH HHS; U01 CA 63731/CA/NCI NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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