Document Detail

The association between early minor motor difficulties in extreme low birth weight infants and school age attentional difficulties.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16337099     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
INTRODUCTION: Extremely premature infants of normal intellectual ability have an increased prevalence of motor and attentional difficulties. Knowledge of the relationship between early motor difficulties and measures of attention at school age would enhance understanding of these developmental pathways, their interrelationship and opportunities for intervention. OBJECTIVE: This study examines whether an association exists between early findings of minor motor difficulties and school age clinical and psychometric measures of attention. METHODOLOGY: 45/60 eligible ELBW(1000 g) or preterm (< 27/40 gestation) infants born at the Mater Mother's Hospital were assessed at 12 and 24 months for minor motor deficits (using NSMDA) and at 7-9 years for attention, using clinical (Conners and Du Paul Rating Scales) and psychometric (assessing attention span, selective and divided attention) measures. RESULTS: NSMDA at 12 months was only associated with the psychometric measures of verbal attention span. It was not associated with later clinical measures of attention. NSMDA at 24 months was strongly associated with specific clinical measures of attention at school age, independent of biological and social factors. It was not associated with psychometric measures of attention. CONCLUSION: The major finding of this study is that motor difficulties in ELBW infants at 2 years are associated with later clinical measures of attention. Possible mechanisms underlying this relationship are considered.
Deepa Jeyaseelan; Michael O'Callaghan; Kerryn Neulinger; David Shum; Yvonne Burns
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2005-12-05
Journal Detail:
Title:  Early human development     Volume:  82     ISSN:  0378-3782     ISO Abbreviation:  Early Hum. Dev.     Publication Date:  2006 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-04-21     Completed Date:  2006-07-06     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7708381     Medline TA:  Early Hum Dev     Country:  Ireland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  249-55     Citation Subset:  IM    
Mater Children's Hospital, Raymond Terrace, South Brisbane, QLD, Australia.
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MeSH Terms
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity / complications*,  physiopathology,  psychology
Child Development*
Child, Preschool
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature / growth & development*,  physiology,  psychology
Infant, Very Low Birth Weight* / growth & development,  psychology
Motor Skills Disorders / complications*,  physiopathology,  psychology

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