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The association between CD14 gene C-260T polymorphism and coronary heart disease risk: a meta-analysis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23277403     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Monocyte differentiation antigen CD14 is considered an important cell-activating mediator of inflammatory responses that may result in atherosclerosis, coronary heart disease (CHD), thrombus formation, and myocardial infarction (MI). A common C-260T polymorphism in the promoter of the CD14 gene, the trans-membrane receptor of lipopolysaccharides, has been inconsistently associated with CHD. To investigate this inconsistency, we performed a meta-analysis of 28 studies involving a total of 13,335 CHD cases and 7,979 controls for C-260T of the CD14 gene to evaluate the effect of CD14 on genetic susceptibility for CHD. An overall random effects odds ratio of 1.24 (95 % CI: 1.12-1.36, P < 10(-5)) was found for T allele. Significant results were also observed using dominant (OR = 1.34, 95 % CI: 1.17-1.54, P < 10(-4)) or recessive genetic model (OR = 1.25, 95 % CI: 1.10-1.41, P = 0.0004). There was strong evidence of heterogeneity (P < 10(-5)), which largely disappeared after stratification by ethnicity. After stratified by ethnicity, significant results were found in East Asians; whereas no significant associations were found among Caucasians and other ethnic populations in all genetic models. In the stratified analysis according to sample size, CHD endpoints, and HWE status, significantly increased risks for the polymorphism were found in all genetic models. In conclusion, our results indicate that the CD14 C-260T polymorphism is a risk factor of CHD, especially in East Asians. However, additional very large-scale studies are warranted to confirm our results.
Hong Pu; Jiong Yin; Yan Wu; Dongming Zhang; Yanian Wang; Rong Zhou; Lijuan Jiang; Yan Liu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-1
Journal Detail:
Title:  Molecular biology reports     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1573-4978     ISO Abbreviation:  Mol. Biol. Rep.     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-1     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0403234     Medline TA:  Mol Biol Rep     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Cardiology, The 85th Hospital of PLA, 1328 Huashan Road, Shanghai, 200052, People's Republic of China,
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