Document Detail

An application of Stafford and Warr's reconceptualisation of deterrence to a group of recidivist drink drivers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16405859     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Recent revisions of deterrence theory have highlighted the powerful effects of personal and vicarious punishment avoidance on criminal activity. The present paper reports on an application of Stafford and Warr's [Stafford, M.C., Warr, M., 1993. A reconceptualization of general and specific deterrence. J. Res. Crime Delinq. 30 (2), 123-135] reconceptualisation of deterrence theory to a group of recidivist drink drivers to explain their self-reported offending behaviours. The analysis indicated that punishment avoidance exerted the greatest influence on self-reported offending behaviours, although perceptions of arrest certainty and severity also appear associated with drink driving offences. In contrast, vicarious exposure to others who have been punished or avoided punishment was not associated with further drink driving behaviours. The results suggest that recidivist drink drivers are not heavily influenced by vicarious experiences, and that past behaviour is an efficient predictor of future behaviour. The findings have direct implications for the reconceptualisation and application of deterrence models to elucidate offending behaviours.
James Freeman; Barry Watson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2006-01-06
Journal Detail:
Title:  Accident; analysis and prevention     Volume:  38     ISSN:  0001-4575     ISO Abbreviation:  Accid Anal Prev     Publication Date:  2006 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-03-14     Completed Date:  2006-10-04     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1254476     Medline TA:  Accid Anal Prev     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  462-71     Citation Subset:  IM    
Centre for Accident Research and Road Safety-Queensland (CARRS-Q), School of Psychology and Counselling, Faculty of Health, Queensland University of Technology, Carseldine, Australia.
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MeSH Terms
Accidents, Traffic / prevention & control*
Alcoholic Intoxication / prevention & control*
Automobile Driving / psychology*
Data Collection
Middle Aged
Models, Theoretical
Recurrence / prevention & control
Social Control, Formal
Social Perception

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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