Document Detail


The applicability of a speech-in-noise screening test in occupational hearing conservation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23772828     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Abstract Objective: Noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) is the most reported occupational health disease in the Netherlands. The internet-based speech-in-noise test Earcheck (Albrecht et al, 2005; Leensen et al, 2011b) is designed to detect beginning NIHL and can be a valuable tool in occupational hearing health surveillance. The aim of this study is to investigate the validity of Earcheck compared to regular screening audiometry. Design: Subjects performed online Earcheck tests at home. The results are compared to a pure-tone screening audiogram obtained during regular occupational health examination. A subgroup performed the measurements twice to assess test-retest reliability. Study sample: Two hundred and forty-nine male construction employees who recently had a periodic occupational health examination participated. Results: An average learning effect of -1.6 dB was found, that reduced with increasing test number. The test-retest variability was 1.6 dB. Sensitivity to detect beginning NIHL was 68%, with a specificity of 71%. Conclusions: Although sensitivity and specificity values are only moderate, the broad internet application still promises a valuable addition to current practice. The relatively high learning effect indicates that more reliable results can be obtained after a longer test session. When this is put into practice some improvement in sensitivity and specificity may be expected as well.
Authors:
Monique C J Leensen; Wouter A Dreschler
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of audiology     Volume:  52     ISSN:  1708-8186     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Audiol     Publication Date:  2013 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-06-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101140017     Medline TA:  Int J Audiol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  455-65     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Clinical and Experimental Audiology, ENT Department, Academic Medical Centre (AMC) , Amsterdam , The Netherlands.
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