Document Detail

The appearance of gallop rhythm after exercise stress testing.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8914783     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND AND HYPOTHESIS: Although it is generally assumed that the appearance of an early diastolic gallop, or third heart sound, appearing immediately after exercise during treadmill stress testing, indicates the presence of serious myocardial disease, no systemically collected data are available to test this hypothesis. METHODS: The author performed auscultation on 3,679 patients undergoing routine treadmill testing together with thallium-201 perfusion scans. Exercise-induced diastolic sounds were related to the available clinical information and electrocardiographic and nuclear test results. These findings were compared with those of 665 randomly selected patients undergoing stress testing in whom such sounds were absent. RESULTS: A total of 165 patients had audible third heart sounds (Group 1). In comparison with those patients lacking such sounds (Group 2), there was a considerably greater prevalence of myocardial scarring (68.5 vs. 26.9%), abnormal lung uptake of thallium (40 vs. 12.8%), diabetes mellitus (20.6 vs. 6.2%), and left bundle-branch block on the resting electrocardiogram (ECG) (15.1 vs. 1.2%). In addition, 65 patients (39.3%) had dilatation of the left ventricle after exercise; 31 (18.8%) of these were also dilated at rest, but only 2 (1.2%) had a drop in blood pressure during stress. In those individuals also subjected to nuclear ventriculography, the average resting ejection fraction was 35%. Estimated exercise capacity was generally reduced in Group 1 (average peak of 6.6 METs), but 29 (17.6%) exceeded 9 METs. Sensitivity and specificity of electrocardiographic ST depression were relatively poor in the detection of perfusion defects within this group (36 and 62%, respectively). Of the 39 patients in Group 1 with a normal resting ECG, 19 (48.7%) had scar (usually posterior or lateral) on nuclear scans. In an additional 10 of this group, nuclear evidence of ischemia (often extensive) was found. CONCLUSIONS: An early or mid-diastolic gallop sound developing after exercise virtually always signifies myocardial disease with reduced myocardial function. Common associated findings are prior infarction (with or without associated ischemia), diabetes, and left bundle-branch block. When found in the presence of a normal resting ECG, this sound commonly signals the presence an occult left ventricular scar and, less commonly, extensive myocardial ischemia. In those patients manifesting such sounds, electrocardiographic ST changes in response to exercise appear limited in the detection of coronary ischemia.
M E Tavel
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical cardiology     Volume:  19     ISSN:  0160-9289     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin Cardiol     Publication Date:  1996 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-02-26     Completed Date:  1997-02-26     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7903272     Medline TA:  Clin Cardiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  887-91     Citation Subset:  IM    
Indiana Heart Institute, Indianapolis, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Bundle-Branch Block / physiopathology
Coronary Disease / diagnosis
Diabetes Mellitus / physiopathology
Exercise Test*
Heart Auscultation
Heart Diseases / diagnosis*
Heart Sounds*
Middle Aged
Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon

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