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The apoptosis inducing effect of Glycosmis pentaphylla (Retz.) Correa and its influence on gene expression in hepatocellular carcinoma cell line, Hep3 B.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22138516     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Glycosmis pentaphylla (Retz.) Correa is used in Indian traditional medicine against jaundice and other liver disorders. AIM OF THE STUDY: The study aims to determine the in vitro anticancer and apoptosis inducing activity of Glycosmis pentaphylla in hepatocellular carcinoma cell line, Hep3 B. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The cytotoxic and apoptosis inducing activity of the crude extract and active fractions were estimated on Hep3 B and RAW264.7 cell lines by MTT assay, Hoechst staining, DNA fragmentation, morphological studies, reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and anti-poly-(ADP-ribose)-polymerase assays. The phytochemical profiling of active extract was done by TLC and HPTLC methods. RESULTS: Ethanol extract of Glycosmis pentaphylla was more effective than other extracts in reducing the proliferation of Hep3 B cells. As revealed by the results from DNA fragmentation, Hoechst staining, morphological studies, RT-PCR, PARP cleavage and gene expression studies, active extract induced apoptosis on Hep3 B cell line in concentration and time dependent manner with increase in the Bax/Bcl2 gene expression ratio. Chemo profiling data revealed the presence of flavonoid in the active fraction. CONCLUSIONS: The study showed that major active component in the ethanol extract of Glycosmis pentaphylla is a flavonoid which induces apoptosis on cancer cell line, Hep3 B, by increasing the expression ratio of Bax/Bcl2 genes in a time and dose dependent manner.
P S Sreejith; Russel Royna Mascarenhas; R J Praseeja; V V Asha
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-11-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of ethnopharmacology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1872-7573     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-5     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7903310     Medline TA:  J Ethnopharmacol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
Bioprospecting and Molecular Pharmacology Laboratory, Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Biotechnology, Thiruvananthapuram, India.
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