Document Detail

On the anisotropy and inhomogeneity of permeability in articular cartilage.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17619089     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Articular cartilage is known to be anisotropic and inhomogeneous because of its microstructure. In particular, its elastic properties are influenced by the arrangement of the collagen fibres, which are orthogonal to the bone-cartilage interface in the deep zone, randomly oriented in the middle zone, and parallel to the surface in the superficial zone. In past studies, cartilage permeability has been related directly to the orientation of the glycosaminoglycan chains attached to the proteoglycans which constitute the tissue matrix. These studies predicted permeability to be isotropic in the undeformed configuration, and anisotropic under compression. They neglected tissue anisotropy caused by the collagen network. However, magnetic resonance studies suggest that fluid flow is "directed" by collagen fibres in biological tissues. Therefore, the aim of this study was to express the permeability of cartilage accounting for the microstructural anisotropy and inhomogeneity caused by the collagen fibres. Permeability is predicted to be anisotropic and inhomogeneous, independent of the state of strain, which is consistent with the morphology of the tissue. Looking at the local anisotropy of permeability, we may infer that the arrangement of the collagen fibre network plays an important role in directing fluid flow to optimise tissue functioning.
Salvatore Federico; Walter Herzog
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2007-07-06
Journal Detail:
Title:  Biomechanics and modeling in mechanobiology     Volume:  7     ISSN:  1617-7940     ISO Abbreviation:  Biomech Model Mechanobiol     Publication Date:  2008 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-08-20     Completed Date:  2009-01-06     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101135325     Medline TA:  Biomech Model Mechanobiol     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  367-78     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Human Performance Laboratory, Faculty of Kinesiology, The University of Calgary, 2500 University Drive NW, Calgary, AB, Canada, T2N 1N4.
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MeSH Terms
Cartilage, Articular / cytology*,  metabolism*
Chondrocytes / metabolism*
Collagen / chemistry
Models, Biological
Proteoglycans / metabolism*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Proteoglycans; 9007-34-5/Collagen

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