Document Detail

An analysis of the reasons for Japan's low infant mortality rate.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8295019     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Japan's infant mortality rate in 1991 was four per 1,000, the lowest in the world. Contributing factors are the universal use of the Boshi Kenko Techo (maternal-child health handbook) and universal access to care. Most births occur to women aged 25-29 years and there are few unmarried mothers. Ninety-nine and seven-tenths percent of births are attended by qualified professionals either in hospitals or private clinics, with an average stay of one week postpartum. Abortion is available when contraceptives fail. There are government subsidies for medical, obstetric, and pediatric complications. Japanese citizens are highly literate and seek out medical advice, and their society is organized to support children. Efficient systems of community support, public health education, and excellent medical care encompass events from conception to school age.
P C Leppert
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of nurse-midwifery     Volume:  38     ISSN:  0091-2182     ISO Abbreviation:  J Nurse Midwifery     Publication Date:    1993 Nov-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-03-02     Completed Date:  1994-03-02     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0365647     Medline TA:  J Nurse Midwifery     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  353-7     Citation Subset:  IM; N    
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester General Hospital Division, NY 14621.
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MeSH Terms
Abortion, Induced
Family Planning Services
Health Services Accessibility
Infant Care
Infant Mortality / trends*
Infant Welfare
Infant, Newborn
Japan / epidemiology
Marital Status
Maternal Age
Maternal Welfare
Nurse Midwives

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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