Document Detail

An analysis of oral and maxillofacial pathology found in children over a 30-year period.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16364089     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
AIM: The vast majority of oral diseases are confined to oral tissues, but numerous underlying systemic conditions may present with signs and symptoms within the oral cavity. Since the epidemiology of diseases is variable between regions, the authors carried out Europe's first paediatric-based survey of oral and maxillofacial pathology specimens submitted for diagnosis. DESIGN: All entries for specimens from children between the ages of 0 and 16 years during the 30-year period from 1973 to 2002 were retrieved and compiled into 12 diagnostic categories. RESULTS: During the study period, 4406 (8.2%) specimens came from children between the ages of 0 and 16 years, with a male to female ratio of 1.01. The diagnostic category with the largest number of specimens was tooth pathology (22.1%), followed by salivary gland disease (19.1%) and mucosal pathology (12.1%). In all, there were 114 benign tumours of nonodontogenic origin, 43 odontogenic tumours and 31 malignant tumours. The most frequently diagnosed lesions were mucous extravasation cysts, which accounted for over 16% of cases. Periapical pathology in the form of a radicular cyst, residual cyst or chronic periapical granuloma formed almost 13% of all cases. CONCLUSIONS: This survey shows that, while nearly 10% of specimens submitted to the authors' laboratory are from children under 16 years of age, the majority of lesions are of a benign nature, requiring minimal intervention; less than 1% of cases comprise malignant lesions. Odontogenic tumours are relatively rare in this age group; however, certain lesions such as adenomatoid odontogenic tumour and ameloblastic fibroma occur predominantly in children and, therefore, remain an important diagnostic consideration.
A V Jones; C D Franklin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of paediatric dentistry / the British Paedodontic Society [and] the International Association of Dentistry for Children     Volume:  16     ISSN:  0960-7439     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Paediatr Dent     Publication Date:  2006 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-12-20     Completed Date:  2006-03-16     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9107511     Medline TA:  Int J Paediatr Dent     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  19-30     Citation Subset:  D    
Department of Oral Pathology, School of Clinical Dentistry, University of Sheffield, Claremont Crescent, Sheffield S10 2TA, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Child, Preschool
Chronic Disease
Great Britain / epidemiology
Mouth Diseases / epidemiology*
Mouth Neoplasms / epidemiology
Mucocele / epidemiology
Odontogenic Tumors / epidemiology
Periapical Granuloma / epidemiology
Radicular Cyst / epidemiology
Retrospective Studies
Salivary Gland Diseases / epidemiology
Sex Factors
Tooth Diseases / epidemiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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