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An analysis on flavonoids contents in Mao Luang fruits of fifteen cultivars (Antidesma bunius), grown in northeast Thailand.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18810968     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This investigation was carried out at the Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Technology, Mahasarakham University, Mahasarakham Province, Northeast Thailand. The study aimed to analyze flavonoids contents in ripe fruits of fifteen Mao Luang cultivars (Antidesma bunius) harvested from dipterocarp forest of the mountainous areas of Phupan Valley, Sakon Nakhon Province, Northeast Thailand. The experiment was laid in a Completely Randomised Design (CRD) with five replications. The fifteen cultivars were used as treatments. An amount of 2 kg of ripe fruits of each cultivar was collected and extracted for juice solutions. The analysis was carried out with the use of RP-HPLC laboratory system. The results showed that fruits of the fifteen Mao Luang cultivars contained three different kinds of flavonoids, i.e., catechin, procyanidin B1 and procyanidin B2. These three chemical compounds were the major flavonoids in all analyzed fruit samples of the fifteen cultivars. The highest amount of procyanidin B1 was found with Lompat followed by Maeloogdog with values of 4122.75 and 3993.88 mg 100 g(-1) of fresh weight, respectively and the highest amount of procyanidin B2 was found with Sangkrow 2 followed by Fapratan with values of 5,006.39 and 3,689.42 mg 100 g(-1) of fresh weight, respectively. Catechin contents in fruits of the fifteen cultivars varied from 73.39 to 316.22 mg 100 g(-1) of fresh weight for Sangkrow 5 and Fapratan, respectively where Fapratan was the highest among the fifteen cultivars followed by Sangkrow 2 with values of 316.22 and 175.40 mg 100 g(-1) of fresh weight, respectively. In terms of grand total amounts of flavonoids, Sangkrow 2 was the best followed by Fapratan, Sangkrow 1 and Maeloogdog, whilst the rest were of secondary importance.
L Butkhup; S Samappito
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pakistan journal of biological sciences: PJBS     Volume:  11     ISSN:  1028-8880     ISO Abbreviation:  Pak. J. Biol. Sci.     Publication Date:  2008 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-09-24     Completed Date:  2008-11-14     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101247723     Medline TA:  Pak J Biol Sci     Country:  Pakistan    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  996-1002     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Technology, Mahasarakham University, Mahasarakham 44000, Thailand.
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MeSH Terms
Crops, Agricultural*
Flavonoids / analysis*,  chemistry
Fruit / chemistry*
Species Specificity
Reg. No./Substance:

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