Document Detail

An analysis of the contribution of a patient-based component to a clinical licensure examination.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17012724     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: The validity and reliability of high-stakes examinations such as those used by national, regional and state or provincial dental boards are under intense scrutiny by candidates, dental schools, dental educators, dental associations, and state or provincial dental boards. METHODS: The authors followed the progress of 1,063 candidates from nonaccredited dental programs who began the National Dental Examining Board of Canada's (NDEB) clinical examinations between January 1996 and November 1999 through the administration of the examination's final component in December 2003 examine the utility and validity of the patient-based component of the examination process. RESULTS: The results showed that the first three components of the examination were effective in screening out candidates who were not adequately prepared to take the patient-based component. Only 12 (1.1 percent) of the candidates failed the maximum allowed three attempts to pass the patient-based component. CONCLUSIONS: The results demonstrated that the patient-based component did not contribute to the overall examination validity or decision making and did not prevent candidates from obtaining certification. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: Owing to this lack of utility, the associated costs and ethical concerns, NDEB eliminated the patient-based component of the examination and replaced it with the requirement to complete an accredited, qualifying/degree completion dental program followed by completion of NDEB's written and objective structured clinical examination components.
Jack D Gerrow; H Joseph Murphy; Marcia A Boyd; David A Scott
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Dental Association (1939)     Volume:  137     ISSN:  0002-8177     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Dent Assoc     Publication Date:  2006 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-10-02     Completed Date:  2007-01-11     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503060     Medline TA:  J Am Dent Assoc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1434-9     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
Department of Dental Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Dentistry, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Clinical Competence
Decision Making
Education, Dental / standards
Educational Measurement / methods*,  standards
Licensure, Dental*
Reproducibility of Results

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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