Document Detail

The B°AT1 amino acid transporter from rat kidney reconstituted in liposomes: Kinetics and inactivation by methylmercury.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21621508     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
The neutral amino acid transporter B°-like from rat kidney, previously reconstituted in liposomes, was identified as B°AT1 by a specific antibody. Collectrin was present in the brush-border extract but not in functionally active proteoliposomes, indicating that it was not required for the transport function. Neutral amino acids behaved as competitive inhibitors of the glutamine transport mediated by B°AT1 with half saturation constants ranging from 0.13 to 4.74mM. The intraliposomal half saturation constant for glutamine was 2.0mM. By a bisubstrate kinetic analysis of the glutamine-Na(+) cotransport, a random simultaneous mechanism was found. Methylmercury and HgCl(2) inhibited the transporter; the inhibition was reversed by dithioerythritol, Cys and, at a lower extent, N-acetylcysteine but not by S-carboxymethylcysteine. The IC(50) of the transporter for methylmercury and HgCl(2) was 1.88 and 1.75μM, respectively. The reagents behaved as non-competitive inhibitors toward both glutamine and Na(+) and no protection by glutamine or Na(+) was found for the two inhibitors.
Francesca Oppedisano; Lorena Pochini; Stefan Bröer; Cesare Indiveri
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-5-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  Biochimica et biophysica acta     Volume:  -     ISSN:  0006-3002     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-5-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0217513     Medline TA:  Biochim Biophys Acta     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011. Published by Elsevier B.V.
Department of Cell Biology, University of Calabria, Via P. Bucci 4c 87036 Arcavacata di Rende, Italy.
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