Document Detail


The amino acid composition of proteins from anaerobic halophilic bacteria of the order Halanaerobiales.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22527048     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We performed a comparative analysis of the genome sequences of three anaerobic halophilic fermentative bacteria belonging to the order Halanaerobiales: Halanaerobium praevalens, the alkaliphilic "Halanaerobium hydrogeniformans", and the thermophilic Halothermothrix orenii to assess the amino acid composition of their proteins. Members of the Halanaerobiales were earlier shown to accumulate KCl rather than organic compatible solutes for osmotic balance, and therefore the presence of a dominantly acidic proteome was predicted. Past reports indeed showed a large excess of acidic over basic amino acids in whole-cell hydrolysates of selected members of the order. However, the genomic analysis did not show unusually high contents of acidic amino acids or low contents of basic amino acids. The apparent excess of acidic amino acids in these anaerobic halophiles reported earlier is due to the high content in their proteins of glutamine and asparagine, which yield glutamate and aspartate upon acid hydrolysis. It is thus suggested that the proteins of the Halanaerobiales, which are active in the presence of high intracellular KCl concentrations, do not possess the typical acidic signature of the 'halophilic' proteins of the Archaea of the order Halobacteriales or of the extremely halophilic bacterium Salinibacter.
Authors:
Rahel Elevi Bardavid; Aharon Oren
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-4-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  Extremophiles : life under extreme conditions     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1433-4909     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-4-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9706854     Medline TA:  Extremophiles     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Plant and Environmental Sciences, The Institute of Life Sciences, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, 91904, Israel.
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