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An alternative sigma factor governs the principal sigma factor in Streptomyces griseus.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23347076     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In bacteria, the RNA polymerase holoenzyme comprises a five-subunit core enzyme and a dissociable subunit, sigma factor, which is responsible for transcriptional initiation. The filamentous bacterium Streptomyces griseus has 52 sigma factors, including one essential "principal" sigma factor (σ(HrdB) ) that is responsible for the transcription of housekeeping genes. Here we characterized an alternative sigma factor (σ(ShbA) ), which is highly conserved within the genus Streptomyces. A σ(ShbA) -deficient mutant showed a severe growth defect and transcriptome analysis indicated that many housekeeping genes were downregulated in response to insufficient σ(ShbA) production. Biochemical and genetic analyses proved that σ(ShbA) is a major determinant of transcription of the σ(HrdB) gene. This observation of a principal sigma factor being governed by another sigma factor throughout growth is unprecedented. We found that increasing σ(ShbA) production with mycelial growth maintained a high σ(HrdB) level late in growth. Furthermore, a hrdB-autoregulatable σ(ShbA) -deficient mutant, in which the principal sigma factor gene can be transcribed by RNA polymerase containing σ(HrdB) itself, showed several defects: rapid mycelial lysis in stationary phase in liquid culture and delayed morphological development and impaired streptomycin production in solid culture. From these observations, we discuss the biological significance of control of σ(HrdB) by σ(ShbA) in S. griseus.
Authors:
Hiroshi Otani; Akiyoshi Higo; Hideaki Nanamiya; Sueharu Horinouchi; Yasuo Ohnishi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  Molecular microbiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1365-2958     ISO Abbreviation:  Mol. Microbiol.     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8712028     Medline TA:  Mol Microbiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2013 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Affiliation:
Department of Biotechnology, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, 113-8567, Japan.
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