Document Detail

An alternative form of melarsoprol in sleeping sickness.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22704910     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Human African trypanosomiasis (HAT), or sleeping sickness, is a major threat to human health throughout sub-Saharan Africa. Almost always fatal if untreated or inadequately treated, a commonly used drug for treating late-stage HAT, and the only drug for late-stage Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense, is intravenous melarsoprol, which kills 5% of patients receiving it. Melarsoprol cyclodextrin inclusion complexes have been tested in a highly reliable mouse model of HAT. These complexes increase the oral bioavailability of melarsoprol making them effective orally and both curative and nontoxic in doses that are equivalent to those of intravenous melarsoprol. It is argued that a small clinical trial of this drug in HAT is justified to potentially improve the outcome of patients with late-stage rhodesiense disease.
Peter G E Kennedy
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-6-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Trends in parasitology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1471-5007     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-6-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100966034     Medline TA:  Trends Parasitol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Department of Neurology, Institute of Infection, Immunity and Inflammation, College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Southern General Hospital, Glasgow G51 4TF, Scotland, UK.
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