Document Detail

An alternating treatments comparison of two intensive interventions for food refusal.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8926224     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
We compared two treatment packages involving negative reinforcement contingencies for 3 children with chronic food refusal. One involved physically guiding the child to accept food contingent on noncompliance, whereas the other involved nonremoval of the spoon until the child accepted the presented food. Subsequent to baseline, an alternating treatments comparison was implemented in a multiple baseline design across subjects. After each child had been exposed to at least nine sessions of each treatment condition and percentage of bites accepted had increased to at least 80%, the child's caregivers selected the preferred treatment package. The results indicated that both treatments were effective in establishing food acceptance. However, physical guidance was associated with fewer corollary behaviors, shorter meal durations, and parental preference.
W H Ahearn; M L Kerwin; P S Eicher; J Shantz; W Swearingin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied behavior analysis     Volume:  29     ISSN:  0021-8855     ISO Abbreviation:  J Appl Behav Anal     Publication Date:  1996  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-11-08     Completed Date:  1996-11-08     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0174763     Medline TA:  J Appl Behav Anal     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  321-32     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Anorexia / psychology,  therapy*
Behavior Therapy / methods*
Child, Preschool
Cooperative Behavior
Developmental Disabilities / psychology,  therapy*
Eating Disorders / psychology,  therapy*
Treatment Outcome

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