Document Detail


The aflatoxin contamination of ground red pepper and pistachio nuts sold in Turkey.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20600537     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Total aflatoxin (AFT) and aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) contamination, pH and water activity, and mold and yeast counts in unpacked and packed ground red pepper (GRP) and pistachio nut have been studied from September 2008 to February 2009. 17.1% (14/82) and 23.1% (19/82) unpacked GRP were over AFT and AFB1 legal limits, respectively, while only one packed sample was over legal limit of AFB1 by 89.99 ppb. Both of AFT and AFB1 were detected in 50.5% (48/95) of unpacked pistachio nuts with the contamination levels ranging from 0.007 to 7.72 ppb. Mold and yeast counts in unpacked GRP and mold counts in unpacked pistachio nut were detected over legal limits with 5.9% (5/85) and 1.1% (1/95), respectively. These cases call attention to the importance of aflatoxin content in these foods and need strict prohibition in the use of batches containing aflatoxins.
Authors:
E Set; O Erkmen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-06-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association     Volume:  48     ISSN:  1873-6351     ISO Abbreviation:  Food Chem. Toxicol.     Publication Date:    2010 Aug-Sep
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-07-26     Completed Date:  2010-11-03     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8207483     Medline TA:  Food Chem Toxicol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2532-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright (c) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, General Directorate of Protection and Control, Directory of Gaziantep, City Control Laboratory, Gaziantep, Turkey.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aflatoxin B1 / analysis
Aflatoxins / analysis*
Aspergillus / chemistry
Black Pepper / chemistry*,  microbiology*
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
Food Contamination / analysis*
Food Microbiology
Fungi / chemistry
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Pistacia / chemistry*,  microbiology*
Turkey
Yeasts
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Aflatoxins; 1162-65-8/Aflatoxin B1

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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