Document Detail

The aetiology and prevention of peri-operative corneal abrasions.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9534639     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Corneal abrasion is the most frequent ocular complication to occur during the peri-operative period. This review describes the aetiology of corneal abrasions and evaluates the current methods of prevention. Most abrasions are caused by lagophthalmos (failure of the eyelids to close fully) during general anaesthesia, resulting in corneal drying. General anaesthesia reduces both the production and the stability of tears and therefore increases the incidence of this painful condition. Taping the eyelids closed, soft contact lenses, the instillation of aqueous gels or paraffin-based ointments are all effective in preventing corneal abrasions, but ointments are associated with significant morbidity.
E White; M M Crosse
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Anaesthesia     Volume:  53     ISSN:  0003-2409     ISO Abbreviation:  Anaesthesia     Publication Date:  1998 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-04-16     Completed Date:  1998-04-16     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370524     Medline TA:  Anaesthesia     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  157-61     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Shackleton Department of Anaesthesia, Southampton General Hospital, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Anesthesia, General / adverse effects*
Cornea / anatomy & histology,  injuries*
Eye Protective Devices
Postoperative Complications / prevention & control*
Comment In:
Anaesthesia. 1998 Jun;53(6):611   [PMID:  9709165 ]
Anaesthesia. 1998 Aug;53(8):829   [PMID:  9797542 ]
Anaesthesia. 1999 Jun;54(6):619   [PMID:  10403896 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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