Document Detail


The aetiology of diarrhoea in newborn infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  186236     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Diarrhoea is a common problem in newborn infants in hospital nurseries. In the past, sporadic diarrhoea was often attributed to dietary indiscretion by the mother, and epidemic diarrhoea was though to be caused by an unknown infectious agent. Techniques with which to locate non-cultivable viruses and untypable enteropathogenic strains of Escherichia coli allow reevaluation of the aetiology of diarrhoea in newborn infants. Preliminary results from Melbourne, Australia, suggest that most diarrhoea in newborn infants is induced by a specific infectious agent. During 1975 the agent most often identified from sporadic and epidemic diarrhoea in hospital nurseries was a reovirus-like particle ("duovirus"). Enterotoxin-producing strains of E. coli were rarely isolated. Future attempts to protect newborn infants from developing diarrhoea must be based on an accurate understanding of the aetiology of this disease.
Authors:
R F Bishop; D J Cameron; G L Barnes; I H Holmes; B J Ruck
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Ciba Foundation symposium     Volume:  -     ISSN:  0300-5208     ISO Abbreviation:  Ciba Found. Symp.     Publication Date:  1976  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1977-01-25     Completed Date:  1977-01-25     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0356636     Medline TA:  Ciba Found Symp     Country:  NETHERLANDS    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  223-36     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Australia
Diarrhea, Infantile / etiology*
Disease Outbreaks
Escherichia coli Infections*
Humans
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Newborn, Diseases*
Reoviridae Infections / complications
Virus Diseases / complications*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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