Document Detail

The aetiology behind torticollis and variable spine defects in patients with Müllerian duct/renal aplasia-cervicothoracic somite dysplasia syndrome: 3D CT scan analysis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21553338     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The aim of the article is fourfold; firstly, to detect the aetiology of torticollis in patients with Müllerian duct/renal aplasia-cervicothoracic somite dysplasia syndrome; secondly, spine pathology in Müllerian duct/renal aplasia-cervicothoracic somite dysplasia syndrome varies considerably from one patient to another and there are remarkable differences in severity and localization; thirdly, mismanagement of congenital spine pathology is a frequent cause of morbid/fatal outcome; and fourthly, the application of prophylactic surgical treatment to balance the growth of the spine at an early stage is mandatory. Reformatted CT scans helped in exploring the craniocervical and the entire spine in these patients. The reason behind torticollis ranged between aplasia of the posterior arch of the atlas, assimilation of the atlas and extensive fusion of the lower cervical vertebrae (bilateral failure of segmentation) in four patients; in one patient, in addition to the hypoplastic posterior arch of the atlas, we observed ossification of the anterior and the posterior longitudinal spinal ligaments giving rise to a block vertebrae-like suggestive of early senile ankylosing vertebral hyperostosis (Forestier disease). Scoliosis at different spine levels was attributable to variable spine defects. Pelvic ultrasound showed the classical renal agenesis in four patients; whereas in one patient, the MRI showed pelvic cake kidney (renal fused ectopia) associated with ovarian, uterine and vaginal abnormalities. This is the first exploratory study on the craniocervical and the entire spine in a group of patients with MURCS association.
Ali Al Kaissi; Rudolf Ganger; Jochen G Hofstaetter; Klaus Klaushofer; Franz Grill
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2011-05-08
Journal Detail:
Title:  European spine journal : official publication of the European Spine Society, the European Spinal Deformity Society, and the European Section of the Cervical Spine Research Society     Volume:  20     ISSN:  1432-0932     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur Spine J     Publication Date:  2011 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-09-15     Completed Date:  2012-06-19     Revised Date:  2013-06-30    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9301980     Medline TA:  Eur Spine J     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1720-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
4th Medical Department, Ludwig Boltzmann Institute of Osteology at the Hanusch Hospital of WGKK, AUVA Trauma Centre Meidling, Hanusch Hospital, Heinrich Collin Str. 30, 1140 Vienna, Austria.
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MeSH Terms
46, XX Disorders of Sex Development / complications*
Cervical Vertebrae / abnormalities,  radiography
Child, Preschool
Congenital Abnormalities
Hyperostosis, Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal / etiology*,  radiography
Imaging, Three-Dimensional / methods
Kidney / abnormalities
Mullerian Ducts / abnormalities
Somites / abnormalities
Spinal Diseases / etiology*,  radiography
Thoracic Vertebrae / abnormalities,  radiography
Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods
Torticollis / etiology*,  radiography

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