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An aerobic oxidation/homolytic substitution-cascade for stereoselective methylsulfanyl-cyclization of 4-pentenols.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23450339     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
4-Pentenols (dihomoallylic alcohols) are oxidized by cobalt(ii)-activated dioxygen in solutions of dimethyl disulfide and cyclohexa-1,4-diene to afford methylsulfanyl (CH3S)-functionalized tetrahydrofurans in up to 74% yield. The reaction is a cascade, composed of oxidative alkenol cyclization providing tetrahydrofuryl-2-methyl radicals, which are trapped in dimethyl disulfide. Homolytic methylsulfanyl substitution by carbon radicals is a slow reaction, as exemplified by the rate constant of kSCH3 = 3 × 104 M-1 s-1 (70 °C) derived from competition kinetics for the reaction between dimethyl disulfide and the trans-2-phenyltetrahydrofuryl-5-methyl radical. Methylsulfanyl-cyclizations therefore are experimentally performed in neat dimethyl disulfide, containing the minimum amount of cyclohexa-1,4-diene necessary for attaining almost quantitative alkenol conversion. The oxidative tetrahydrofuran synthesis occurs with noteworthy (>99%) 2,5-trans-stereoselectivity, as shown by the synthesis of diastereomerically pure 2,3- and 2,3,3-substituted 5-(methylsulfanyl)methyltetrahydrofurans from stereodefined 1,2-di- and 1,2,2-trisubstituted 4-pentenols. Changing the chemical nature of the disulfide reagent or the alkenol extends the scope of alkylsulfanyl-cyclization to ethylsulfanyl-cyclization, allylsulfanyl-transfer, or tetrahydropyran synthesis.
Patrick Fries; Melanie Kim Müller; Jens Hartung
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-3-1
Journal Detail:
Title:  Organic & biomolecular chemistry     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1477-0539     ISO Abbreviation:  Org. Biomol. Chem.     Publication Date:  2013 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-3-1     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101154995     Medline TA:  Org Biomol Chem     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Fachbereich Chemie, Organische Chemie, Technische Universität Kaiserslautern, Erwin-Schrödinger-Straße, D-67663 Kaiserslautern, Germany.
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