Document Detail

Is adenovirus a fetal pathogen?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14526309     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to test the relationship between adenovirus genetic material in the amniotic fluid and adverse pregnancy outcome. STUDY DESIGN: This was a prospective, observational study of women who were referred in the second trimester of gestation for either genetic amniocentesis or evaluation of fetal malformation. A 2-mL aliquot of amniotic fluid was subjected to multiplex polymerase chain reaction for a panel of viruses that included adenovirus and human genome controls. Fetuses with an abnormal karyotype were excluded from analysis. RESULTS: The prevalence of adenovirus was similar in normal (39/652) and anomalous fetuses (23/364; chi(2) test, P=.376). There was significant seasonal variation in the prevalence in both normal and anomalous fetuses (chi(2) exact test, P<.001), but no significant difference between groups. The monthly proportion of patients who underwent amniocentesis remained constant throughout the year (mean, 8.3%; chi(2) test, P=.67). Central nervous system anomalies and echogenic liver foci were significantly more common among fetuses with positive amniotic fluid polymerase chain reaction results for adenovirus (P<.005, respectively). CONCLUSION: Adenovirus is found in a similar prevalence and seasonal variation in sonographically normal and abnormal pregnancies. Although a specific fetal presentation was not identified, echogenic liver lesions with or without hydrops and neural tube defects were significantly more common in the presence of adenovirus. The significance of these findings deserves further study.
Ahmet A Baschat; Jeffrey Towbin; Neil E Bowles; Christopher R Harman; Carl P Weiner
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of obstetrics and gynecology     Volume:  189     ISSN:  0002-9378     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol.     Publication Date:  2003 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-10-03     Completed Date:  2003-11-04     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370476     Medline TA:  Am J Obstet Gynecol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  758-63     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, Center for Advanced Fetal Care, University of Maryland, Baltimore 21201, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Adenoviridae / genetics,  isolation & purification*
Adenoviridae Infections
Amniotic Fluid / virology*
Congenital Abnormalities / virology*
DNA, Viral / analysis
Fetal Diseases / virology*
Gestational Age
Neural Tube Defects / virology
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Prospective Studies
Ultrasonography, Prenatal
Reg. No./Substance:
0/DNA, Viral

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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