Document Detail

Zoonotic filariasis in the Arabian Peninsula: autochthonous onchocerciasis and dirofilariasis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18981515     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
We describe zoonotic filariasis in two patients from Kuwait; one with Onchocerca spp. and one with Dirofilaria spp. Case 1, a 12-year-old Kuwaiti woman who had visited Saudi Arabia, initially reported ocular symptoms. She later reported a nodule that appeared in the suprapubic area, which was resected. A coiled worm was observed in histologic sections and was identified as an Onchocerca spp., but could not be definitively identified. This patient represents the 15th reported case of zoonotic onchocerciasis in a country that is not endemic for human onchocerciasis. Case 2, a 34-year-old Indian woman from Kuwait City, reported a moving object in her left eye. A live worm was extracted and tentatively identified as an immature female Dirofilaria (Nochtiella) repens. These two cases bring to four the number of reports of zoonotic filariasis in the Arabian Peninsula and suggest that zoonotic filariasis is not uncommon in the Arabian Gulf region.
Parsotam R Hira; Adel Al-Buloushi; Nabila Khalid; Jamshaid Iqbal; Odile Bain; Mark L Eberhard
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene     Volume:  79     ISSN:  1476-1645     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg.     Publication Date:  2008 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-11-04     Completed Date:  2008-11-24     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370507     Medline TA:  Am J Trop Med Hyg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  739-41     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Kuwait University, Safat, Kuwait.
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MeSH Terms
Dirofilariasis / diagnosis*
Eye / parasitology
Onchocerciasis / diagnosis*

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