Document Detail

Zinc and vitamin A intake and status in a national sample of British young people aged 4-18 y.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14749759     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To examine zinc and vitamin A intake and status and associated dietary, socio-demographic, lifestyle and physiological factors in British young people. DESIGN: National Diet and Nutrition Survey of young people aged 4-18 y. SETTING: Great Britain, 1997. SUBJECTS: Complete 7-day weighed dietary records were provided by 1520 participants, while 1193 provided blood samples. RESULTS: A total of 13 and 11% of participants respectively reported low dietary intakes of zinc and vitamin A (retinol equivalents), relative to the UK lower reference nutrient intake. These percentages were not altered significantly by including contributions to intake from supplements, mainly containing vitamin A (as retinol). Likelihood of low zinc and/or vitamin A intake was more often associated with age, sex and likely under-reporting of food consumption than with other socio-demographic and lifestyle factors. Low zinc and vitamin A intakes were generally less likely in those with higher consumption of dairy foods (mainly milk). Zinc and vitamin A status (assessed by plasma zinc and retinol concentrations) were adequate in almost all participants. Plasma zinc concentration was not significantly associated with zinc intake. Plasma retinol concentration was correlated with vitamin A intake (overall r=0.17, P<0.001; adjusted for age and plasma alpha(1)-antichymotrypsin concentration) and increased significantly with age (P<0.001) in both sexes. A significant association was found between plasma zinc and retinol concentrations in boys only (r=0.17, P=0.001). CONCLUSION: Zinc and vitamin A intakes and status were generally adequate in this national sample of British young people.
C W Thane; C J Bates; A Prentice
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of clinical nutrition     Volume:  58     ISSN:  0954-3007     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Clin Nutr     Publication Date:  2004 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-01-29     Completed Date:  2004-04-19     Revised Date:  2009-11-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8804070     Medline TA:  Eur J Clin Nutr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  363-75     Citation Subset:  IM    
MRC Human Nutrition Research, Elsie Widdowson Laboratory, Fulbourn Road, Cambridge, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Adolescent Nutritional Physiological Phenomena / physiology
Age Factors
Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena / physiology*
Child, Preschool
Diet Records
Diet Surveys*
Dietary Supplements
Great Britain / epidemiology
Life Style
Nutrition Policy
Risk Factors
Sex Factors
Socioeconomic Factors
Vitamin A / blood*
Vitamin A Deficiency / blood
Zinc / blood*
Reg. No./Substance:
11103-57-4/Vitamin A; 7440-66-6/Zinc
Comment In:
Eur J Clin Nutr. 2009 May;63(5):699-700; author reply 700-2   [PMID:  18322456 ]

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