Document Detail

Zinc and reproduction: effects of zinc deficiency on prenatal and early postnatal development.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20803691     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
A large body of evidence supports the concept that human pregnancy outcome is significantly influenced by the nutritional status of the mother. The consumption of "poor diets" has been associated with an increased risk for pregnancy complications, including gross structural birth defects, prematurity, low birth weight, and an increased risk for neurobehavioral and immunological abnormalities after birth. Forty-four years ago, zinc deficiency in mammals was shown to be teratogenic. Maternal zinc deficiency produces effects ranging from infertility and embryo/fetal death, to intrauterine growth retardation and teratogenesis. Postnatal complications of maternal zinc deficiency can also occur, and include behavioral abnormalities, impaired immunocompetence, and an elevated risk for high blood pressure in the offspring. It has been suggested that developmental zinc deficiency in humans can present a significant challenge to the conceptus, increasing the risk for numerous defects. Developmental zinc deficiency can occur through multiple pathways, and the concept that acute phase response-induced changes in maternal zinc metabolism may be a common cause of embryonic and fetal zinc deficiency is presented. Potential mechanisms underlying the teratogenic effects of zinc deficiency are reviewed. The potential value of maternal zinc supplementation in high risk pregnancies is discussed.
Janet Y Uriu-Adams; Carl L Keen
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Birth defects research. Part B, Developmental and reproductive toxicology     Volume:  89     ISSN:  1542-9741     ISO Abbreviation:  Birth Defects Res. B Dev. Reprod. Toxicol.     Publication Date:  2010 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-08-30     Completed Date:  2010-12-14     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101155115     Medline TA:  Birth Defects Res B Dev Reprod Toxicol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  313-25     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis, Davis, California 95616, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Acute-Phase Reaction / metabolism
Congenital Abnormalities / embryology*
Embryo, Mammalian / abnormalities,  embryology*
Fetal Growth Retardation
Infant, Newborn
Pregnancy Complications / etiology
Pregnancy Outcome
Prenatal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena*
Zinc / deficiency*
Reg. No./Substance:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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