Document Detail

Zinc oxide nanoparticles impair the integrity of human umbilical vein endothelial cell monolayer in vitro.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23030004     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Disruption of the intercellular interactions between endothelial cells leads to endothelial dysfunction. The role of nanoparticles in plasma membrane stability, actin cytoskeleton organization and intercellular junctions is unclear. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells were treated with zinc oxide NPs in vitro. Cell shape, adhesiveness and plasma membrane integrity were analyzed by means of optical fluorescence microscopy, scanning electron microscopy and flow cytometry methods. Additionally, lactate dehydrogenase activity assay and annexin V staining were performed. The scanning electron microscopy analysis showed changes in morphology and surface topography. The F-actin organization was typical for migrating cells. Cell membrane damage (significant increase in lactate dehydrogenase release and annexin V staining) was observed in the concentration of ZnO nanoparticles above 30 microg/ml. The relationship between ZnO nanoparticles and endothelial dysfunction was clearly established and the importance of cytoskeleton reorganization and loosening of the continuous endothelial monolayer after nanoparticles exposure has been documented.
Elzbieta Paszek; Jarosław Czyz; Olga Woźnicka; Dominik Jakubiak; Jacek Wojnarowicz; Witold Łojkowski; Ewa Stepień
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of biomedical nanotechnology     Volume:  8     ISSN:  1550-7033     ISO Abbreviation:  J Biomed Nanotechnol     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-03     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101230869     Medline TA:  J Biomed Nanotechnol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  957-67     Citation Subset:  IM    
Laboratory of Molecular Biology and Research, John Paul II Hospital, Krakow, 31-201 Krakow, Poland.
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