Document Detail

Zinc: an essential trace element with potential benefits to soldiers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16491946     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Zinc is a trace element known to be an essential nutrient for life. It functions as a cofactor for numerous enzymes, including those involved in DNA and RNA replication and protein synthesis. Soldiers represent a unique population faced with intense metabolic and mental demands, as well as exposure to various immune challenges. Some of these factors may affect their dietary zinc requirements. Although severe zinc deficiency is unlikely to occur, some soldiers may experience less than optimal zinc status because of diminished intake coupled with increased requirements. For those soldiers, supplemental dietary zinc may serve a protective function in numerous disease states affecting modern warfighters. This review highlights the importance of adequate zinc nutriture to soldiers and discusses the potential benefits of supplemental zinc in a number of diseases currently affecting soldiers, including diarrhea, respiratory diseases, malaria, and leishmaniasis.
James P McClung; Angus G Scrimgeour
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Military medicine     Volume:  170     ISSN:  0026-4075     ISO Abbreviation:  Mil Med     Publication Date:  2005 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-02-22     Completed Date:  2006-03-21     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2984771R     Medline TA:  Mil Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1048-52     Citation Subset:  IM    
Military Nutrition Division, U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, Natick, MA 01760, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Dietary Supplements*
Military Medicine
Military Personnel*
Trace Elements
Zinc / deficiency*,  immunology
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Trace Elements; 7440-66-6/Zinc

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