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Zinc Supplementation during Pregnancy Protects against Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Fetal Growth Restriction and Demise through Its Anti-inflammatory Effect.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22661087     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
LPS is associated with adverse developmental outcomes, including preterm delivery, fetal death, teratogenicity, and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). Previous reports showed that zinc protected against LPS-induced teratogenicity. In the current study, we investigated the effects of zinc supplementation during pregnancy on LPS-induced preterm delivery, fetal death and IUGR. All pregnant mice except controls were i.p. injected with LPS (75 μg/kg) daily from gestational day (GD) 15 to GD17. Some pregnant mice were administered zinc sulfate through drinking water (75 mg elemental Zn per liter) throughout the pregnancy. As expected, an i.p. injection with LPS daily from GD15 to GD17 resulted in 36.4% (4/11) of dams delivered before GD18. In dams that completed the pregnancy, 63.2% of fetuses were dead. Moreover, LPS significantly reduced fetal weight and crown-rump length. Of interest, zinc supplementation during pregnancy protected mice from LPS-induced preterm delivery and fetal death. In addition, zinc supplementation significantly alleviated LPS-induced IUGR and skeletal development retardation. Further experiments showed that zinc supplementation significantly attenuated LPS-induced expression of placental inflammatory cytokines and cyclooxygenase-2. Zinc supplementation also significantly attenuated LPS-induced activation of NF-κB and MAPK signaling in mononuclear sinusoidal trophoblast giant cells of the labyrinth zone. It inhibited LPS-induced placental AKT phosphorylation as well. In conclusion, zinc supplementation during pregnancy protects against LPS-induced fetal growth restriction and demise through its anti-inflammatory effect.
Authors:
Yuan-Hua Chen; Mei Zhao; Xue Chen; Ying Zhang; Hua Wang; Ying-Ying Huang; Zhen Wang; Zhi-Hui Zhang; Cheng Zhang; De-Xiang Xu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-6-1
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1550-6606     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-6-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985117R     Medline TA:  J Immunol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Toxicology, Anhui Medical University, Hefei 230032, China;
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