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Zebularine-induced apoptosis in Calu-6 lung cancer cells is influenced by ROS and GSH level changes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23338718     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Zebularine (Zeb) is a DNA methyltransferase (DNMT) inhibitor that has various biological properties including anti-cancer effect. In the present study, we evaluated the effects of Zeb on the growth and death of Calu-6 lung cancer cells in relation to reactive oxygen species (ROS) and glutathione (GSH) levels. Zeb inhibited the growth of Calu-6 cells with an IC(50) of approximately 150 μM at 72 h in a dose-dependent manner. Zeb induced an S phase arrest of the cell cycle and apoptosis in Calu-6 cells. Pan-caspase inhibitor (Z-VAD) and caspase-8 inhibitor (Z-IETD) significantly rescued some cells from Zeb-induced Calu-6 cell death. In relation to ROS and GSH levels, O(2) (•-) level was significantly increased in Zeb-treated Calu-6 cells and caspase inhibitors reduced O(2) (•-) level in these cells. Zeb induced GSH depletion in HeLa cells, which was attenuated by caspase inhibitors. L-buthionine sulfoximine (BSO), a GSH synthesis inhibitor, intensified the apoptotic cell death, ROS level, and GSH depletion in Zeb-treated Calu-6 cells. In addition, BSO increased Bax protein and decreased Bcl-2 protein in Zeb-treated Calu-6 cells. In conclusion, Zeb inhibited the growth of Calu-6 lung cancer cells via cell cycle arrest and caspase-dependent apoptosis and its cell death was influenced by ROS and GSH level changes.
Authors:
Bo Ra You; Woo Hyun Park
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  Tumour biology : the journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1423-0380     ISO Abbreviation:  Tumour Biol.     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8409922     Medline TA:  Tumour Biol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Physiology, Medical School, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju, 561-180, Republic of Korea.
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