Document Detail


Yugoslavian experience with the contraceptive sponge.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2880769     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A trial of the contraceptive sponge was conducted at two clinics (403 subjects) in Yugoslavia. Women were periodically followed up for 1 year. The 1-year method pregnancy rate (life-table) was 5.6 per 100 women. Rates of other events leading to discontinuation of sponge use were similarly low. There were no serious complications. The results of the study show that the contraceptive sponge may be successfully used by a population of women with limited experience with the use of vaginal contraceptive methods.
A trial of the contraceptive sponge was conducted at 2 clinics (403 subjects) in Yugoslavia. Women were periodically followed up for 1 year. The 1-year method pregnancy rate (life-table) was 5.6/100 women. Rates of other events leading to discontinuation of sponge use were similarly low. There were no serious complications. The results of the study show that the contraceptive sponge may be successfully used by a population of women with limited experience with the use of vaginal contraceptive methods. Generally, pregnancy and side effect rates in the present study were lower than those reported in the large trial of the sponge conducted in the US. The difference in the results of the 2 studies might reflect the motivation of the women in the 2 countries to avoid pregnancy. In the US trial only 63% of the women with a known pregnancy outcome terminated their pregnancies by abortion compared to 90% in this study. Finally, it was not found that the occurrence of side effects or pregnancies was related to the duration of sponge use.
Authors:
E Borko; B Behlilovic
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics     Volume:  24     ISSN:  0020-7292     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Gynaecol Obstet     Publication Date:  1986 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1987-04-01     Completed Date:  1987-04-01     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0210174     Medline TA:  Int J Gynaecol Obstet     Country:  IRELAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  353-6     Citation Subset:  IM; J    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Administration, Intravaginal
Adult
Clinical Trials as Topic
Female
Humans
Nonoxynol
Polyethylene Glycols / administration & dosage*,  adverse effects
Polyurethanes
Pregnancy
Spermatocidal Agents / administration & dosage*,  adverse effects
Yugoslavia
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Polyethylene Glycols; 0/Polyurethanes; 0/Spermatocidal Agents; 26027-38-3/Nonoxynol

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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