Document Detail

Young infants' generalization of emotional expressions: Effects of familiarity.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21707141     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
From birth, infants are exposed to a wealth of emotional information in their interactions. Much research has been done to investigate the development of emotion perception, and factors influencing that development. The current study investigates the role of familiarity on 3.5-month-old infants' generalization of emotional expressions. Infants were assigned to one of two habituation sequences: in one sequence, infants were visually habituated to parental expressions of happy or sad. At test, infants viewed either a continuation of the habituation sequence, their mother depicting a novel expression, an unfamiliar female depicting the habituated expression, or an unfamiliar female depicting a novel expression. In the second sequence, a new sample of infants was matched to the infants in the first sequence. These infants viewed the same habituation and test sequences, but the actors were unfamiliar to them. Only those infants who viewed their own mothers and fathers during the habituation sequence increased looking. They dishabituated looking to maternal novel expressions, the unfamiliar female's novel expression, and the unfamiliar female depicting the habituated expression, especially when sad parental expressions were followed by an expression change to happy or to a change in person. Infants are guided in their recognition of emotional expressions by the familiarity of their parents, before generalizing to others. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2011 APA, all rights reserved).
Arlene S Walker-Andrews; Sheila Krogh-Jespersen; Estelle M Y Mayhew; Caroline N Coffield
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-6-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Emotion (Washington, D.C.)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1931-1516     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-6-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101125678     Medline TA:  Emotion     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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