Document Detail


MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16197275     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Children's understanding of the grammatical categories of "determiner" and "adjective" was examined using 2 different methodologies. In Experiment 1, children heard novel nouns combined with either a or the. Few 2-year-olds, but nearly all 3- and 4-year-olds, subsequently produced the novel nouns with a different determiner from the modeled combination. Experiment 2 used a priming methodology. Children age 2, 3, 4, and 6 years repeated descriptions of pictures, before describing target pictures themselves. When the primes consisted of a varied determiner + noun, all age groups produced more determiner + noun descriptions. When the primes consisted of a determiner + adjective + noun, 2-year-olds showed no priming. Three- to 6-year-olds showed item-specific priming, but only 6-year-olds (and to a limited extent 4-year-olds) showed both item-specific and structural priming. These results suggest that children build an understanding of determiners and adjectives gradually, perhaps from individual lexical items, over a number of years, and that pragmatic correctness may be attained particularly late.
Authors:
Nenagh Kemp; Elena Lieven; Michael Tomasello
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR     Volume:  48     ISSN:  1092-4388     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Speech Lang. Hear. Res.     Publication Date:  2005 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-10-03     Completed Date:  2006-05-11     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9705610     Medline TA:  J Speech Lang Hear Res     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  592-609     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Infant Studies Centre, Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada. nkemp@psych.ubc.ca
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Child
Child Language*
Child, Preschool
Discrimination Learning*
Female
Humans
Linguistics*
Male
Verbal Learning*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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