Document Detail


You can't always get what you want: infants understand failed goal-directed actions.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19037904     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
At what age do infants understand that goals exist independently of the actions that result from them? Exploring infants' understanding of failed intentional actions-when the goal of the action is unfulfilled and thus not apparent in the actor's movements-is a critical step in answering this question. Using a visual habituation paradigm, we assessed when infants understand that a failed intentional action is goal directed and whether an understanding of successful intentional actions (actions that do overtly attain their goals) precedes an understanding of failed intentional actions. Results demonstrated that 10- and 12-month-olds recognized the goal directedness of both successful and failed reaching actions. Eight-month-olds also recognized the goal directedness of successful actions, but not of unsuccessful attempts. Thus, by the end of the 1st year of life, infants possess an impressive understanding of intentional action, and an understanding of failed intentional actions follows an earlier understanding of successful ones.
Authors:
Amanda C Brandone; Henry M Wellman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.     Date:  2008-11-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychological science     Volume:  20     ISSN:  1467-9280     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychol Sci     Publication Date:  2009 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-01-20     Completed Date:  2009-05-11     Revised Date:  2014-09-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9007542     Medline TA:  Psychol Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  85-91     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Child Psychology*
Comprehension*
Concept Formation
Female
Goals*
Habituation, Psychophysiologic
Hand Strength
Humans
Infant
Intention*
Male
Motion Perception*
Pattern Recognition, Visual*
Psychomotor Performance*
Videotape Recording
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
R01 HD022149/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R37 HD022149/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R37 HD022149-16A1/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R37 HD022149-21/HD/NICHD NIH HHS
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