Document Detail

You can't always get what you want: infants understand failed goal-directed actions.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19037904     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
At what age do infants understand that goals exist independently of the actions that result from them? Exploring infants' understanding of failed intentional actions-when the goal of the action is unfulfilled and thus not apparent in the actor's movements-is a critical step in answering this question. Using a visual habituation paradigm, we assessed when infants understand that a failed intentional action is goal directed and whether an understanding of successful intentional actions (actions that do overtly attain their goals) precedes an understanding of failed intentional actions. Results demonstrated that 10- and 12-month-olds recognized the goal directedness of both successful and failed reaching actions. Eight-month-olds also recognized the goal directedness of successful actions, but not of unsuccessful attempts. Thus, by the end of the 1st year of life, infants possess an impressive understanding of intentional action, and an understanding of failed intentional actions follows an earlier understanding of successful ones.
Amanda C Brandone; Henry M Wellman
Related Documents :
12859124 - When cues collide: use of stress and statistical cues to word boundaries by 7- to 9-mon...
15538194 - Eye gaze cueing facilitates neural processing of objects in 4-month-old infants.
12038544 - Generalization of learning in three-and-a-half-month-old infants on the basis of amodal...
7363744 - Infants' orientation to lateral sounds from birth to three months.
1760064 - A review of newborn medicine in america: european past and guiding ideology.
3574414 - Geographic variations in mortality from motor vehicle crashes.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.     Date:  2008-11-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychological science     Volume:  20     ISSN:  1467-9280     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychol Sci     Publication Date:  2009 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-01-20     Completed Date:  2009-05-11     Revised Date:  2014-09-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9007542     Medline TA:  Psychol Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  85-91     Citation Subset:  IM    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Child Psychology*
Concept Formation
Habituation, Psychophysiologic
Hand Strength
Motion Perception*
Pattern Recognition, Visual*
Psychomotor Performance*
Videotape Recording
Grant Support
R01 HD022149/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R37 HD022149/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R37 HD022149-16A1/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R37 HD022149-21/HD/NICHD NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Cognitive mechanisms underlying recovered-memory experiences of childhood sexual abuse.
Next Document:  Recalling a witnessed event increases eyewitness suggestibility: the reversed testing effect.