Document Detail


You Can't Put Old Wine in New Bottles: The Effect of Newcomers on Coordination in Groups.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23383056     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A common finding in social sciences is that member change hinders group functioning and performance. However, questions remain as to why member change negatively affects group performance and what are some ways to alleviate the negative effects of member change on performance? To answer these questions we conduct an experiment in which we investigate the effect of newcomers on a group's ability to coordinate efficiently. Participants play a coordination game in a four-person group for the first part of the experiment, and then two members of the group are replaced with new participants, and the newly formed group plays the game for the second part of the experiment. Our results show that the arrival of newcomers decreases trust among group members and this decrease in trust negatively affects group performance. Knowing the performance history of the arriving newcomers mitigates the negative effect of their arrival, but only when newcomers also know the oldtimers performance history. Surprisingly, in groups that performed poorly prior to the newcomers' arrival, the distrust generated by newcomers is mainly between oldtimers about each other rather than about the newcomers.
Authors:
Matthew W McCarter; Roman M Sheremeta
Related Documents :
7333886 - Treatment of nonunion of the greater trochanter.
21040206 - Raloxifene temporarily reduces arterial stiffness.
18725126 - Ankle arthroplasty alternatives with allograft and external fixation: preliminary clini...
2394816 - Congenital pseudarthrosis of the tibia: treatment with free vascularized fibular grafts.
15782246 - Ventrolateral partial dorsal root entry zone rhizotomy for occipital neuralgia.
24813476 - Treatment patterns with topicals, traditional systemics and biologics in psoriasis - a ...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2013-01-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  PloS one     Volume:  8     ISSN:  1932-6203     ISO Abbreviation:  PLoS ONE     Publication Date:  2013  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-02-05     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101285081     Medline TA:  PLoS One     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  e55058     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Argyros School of Business and Economics, Chapman University, Orange, California, United States of America.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Developmental exposure to fluoxetine modulates the serotonin system in hypothalamus.
Next Document:  Human prostate side population cells demonstrate stem cell properties in recombination with urogenit...