Document Detail


Yersinia enterocolitica : a review of its role in food hygiene.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1087589     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Since Yersinia enterocolitica, now classified as a member of the Enterobacteriaceae, was recognized as a distinct species in 1964 it has been isolated with increasing frequency from man and animals (including dogs and pigs) and from some human foods. Y. enterocolitica infections are now seen as a cause for some concern in both human and veterinary medicine. The organism is commonly found in specimens from swine slaughterhouses and has been isolated from samples of market meat, vacuum-packed beef, mussels, oysters, and ice-cream. It has also been found in nonchlorinated well water used for drinking purposes. Infections in man therefore probably have an alimentary origin. Only 23 human infections were recorded in 1966 but the number increased to over 4000 in 1974. However, reported incidence is affected by growing awareness about the role of the organism in human and animal disease and by intensive laboratory analyses. While knowledge about the geographical distribution of Y. enterocolitica is still fragmentary it is clear that infections are very frequent in some parts of the world and probably common but unrecognized in many countries. The most common symptoms of Y. enterocolitica infections in man are fever, abdominal pain, and diarrhoea. In the USA most isolations in human infections were made from blood and mesenteric lymph node samples. The pathogenic mechanism is not known. In one experiment involving a human volunteer subject a dose of 3.5 x 10(9) organisms was required to produce an infection. Only recently has some success been obtained in establishing experimental infections in mice, guinea-pigs, rats, and rabbits. Laboratory cultivation techniques for Y. enterocolitica are described together with a table of minimal tests for characterizing the organism and two biotyping schema. Little is known about methods for controlling this disease, but environmental hygiene and sanitation with regard to food and water should apply.
Authors:
G K Morris; J C Feeley
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Bulletin of the World Health Organization     Volume:  54     ISSN:  0042-9686     ISO Abbreviation:  Bull. World Health Organ.     Publication Date:  1976  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1977-04-01     Completed Date:  1977-04-01     Revised Date:  2010-10-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7507052     Medline TA:  Bull World Health Organ     Country:  SWITZERLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  79-85     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Food Microbiology*
Guinea Pigs
Humans
Japan
Mice
Rabbits
Rats
United States
Water Microbiology
Yersinia / classification,  isolation & purification*
Yersinia Infections / epidemiology
Comments/Corrections

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