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Y-Maze Memory Task in Zebrafish (Danio rerio): The Role of Glutamatergic and Cholinergic Systems on the Acquisition and Consolidation Periods.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23044456     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The interest in the behavioral features of zebrafish has significantly increased over the past two decades. However, most available protocols have used longer training periods and have been based on reinforcement/reward or avoidance. The Y-Maze memory task has the advantage of using a simple and rapid training session, but it has not been established in zebrafish. Here, we have characterized this task for zebrafish, with the addition of pharmacological interventions in the acquisition and consolidation memory phases. The results show that zebrafish spend more time in the novel arm than in the other arms of the Y-Maze, both in response to novelty and spatial memory training-test intervals (TTI). We have also studied the involvement of the glutamatergic and cholinergic systems with pre and post-training treatments with the NMDA receptor antagonist MK-801 (20 μM) and the cholinergic blocker scopolamine (200 μM). After 1 hour of TTI, pre-training MK-801 and scopolamine-treated fish reduced their exploration of the novel arm when compared to the control group, with no changes in their locomotor activity. Post-training of MK-801 treatment also impaired their Y-Maze performance, while post-training of any scopolamine treatment failed to affect novel arm exploration. In conclusion, the Y-Maze memory task can be reliably used for zebrafish, providing a new, rapid, and preference/avoidance independent task for the study of memory in this teleost. In addition, our results highlight the implication of the glutamatergic and cholinergic systems in the memory of zebrafish.
Authors:
Giana P Cognato; Josiane W Bortolotto; Ana R Blazina; Raíssa R Christoff; Diogo R Lara; Mônica R Vianna; Carla D Bonan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-5
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neurobiology of learning and memory     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1095-9564     ISO Abbreviation:  Neurobiol Learn Mem     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-9     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9508166     Medline TA:  Neurobiol Learn Mem     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier Inc.
Affiliation:
Laboratório de Neuroquímica e Psicofarmacologia, Departamento de Biologia Celular e Molecular, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biologia Celular e Molecular, Faculdade de Biociências, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul. Avenida Ipiranga, 6681, 90619-900, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil. Electronic address: gi.rock@gmail.com.
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