Document Detail


Wormholes record species history in space and time.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23173192     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Genetic and fossil data often lack the spatial and temporal precision for tracing the recent biogeographic history of species. Data with finer resolution are needed for studying distributional changes during modern human history. Here, I show that printed wormholes in rare books and artwork are trace fossils of wood-boring species with unusually accurate locations and dates. Analyses of wormholes printed in western Europe since the fifteenth century document the detailed biogeographic history of two putative species of invasive wood-boring beetles. Their distributions now overlap broadly, as an outcome of twentieth century globalization. However, the wormhole record revealed, unexpectedly, that their original ranges were contiguous and formed a stable line across central Europe, apparently a result of competition. Extension of the wormhole record, globally, will probably reveal other species and evolutionary insights. These data also provide evidence for historians in determining the place of origin or movement of a woodblock, book, document or art print.
Authors:
S Blair Hedges
Publication Detail:
Type:  Evaluation Studies; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Biology letters     Volume:  9     ISSN:  1744-957X     ISO Abbreviation:  Biol. Lett.     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-22     Completed Date:  2013-05-09     Revised Date:  2014-02-24    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101247722     Medline TA:  Biol Lett     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  20120926     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animal Distribution*
Animals
Beetles / physiology*
Ecology / methods*
Engraving and Engravings
Europe
Feeding Behavior
Fossils
Introduced Species
Larva / physiology
Rare Books
Species Specificity
Time Factors
Wood*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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