Document Detail

Workplace violence against nursing students and nurses: an Italian experience.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21605325     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Nurses and nursing students are exposed to workplace violence.
OBJECTIVES: To compare the characteristics and effects of violence in nursing students and nurses in order to assess the phenomenon and take preventive action.
METHODS: A retrospective survey was conducted in three Italian university schools of nursing. At the end of a lecture, 346 of 349 students agreed to fill out a questionnaire that included domains on violence, mental health, job stress, and organizational justice. This group was compared with 275 nurses from a general hospital (94.2% participation rate).
RESULTS: The prevalence of subjects reporting at least one upsetting episode of physical or verbal violence during their lifetime activity in clinical settings was 43% in nurses and 34% in nursing students. Nurses reported more physical assaults (odds ratio [OR] 2.89, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.35-6.18), threats (OR 2.84, 95% CI 1.39-5.79), and sexual harassment (OR 2.3, 95% CI 1.15-5.54) during the previous 12 months than students. Nurses were mostly assaulted or harassed by patients or their relatives and friends ("external" violence), whereas students often reported verbal and also physical violence on the part of colleagues, staff, and others, including teachers, doctors, and supervisors ("internal" violence). Verbal violence was associated with high levels of psychological problems, as measured by the 12-item version of the General Health Questionnaire, in both students and nurses. Verbal violence was also associated with high job strain, low social support, and low organizational justice, but only among nursing students.
CONCLUSIONS: Preventive action is urgently needed to control patient-to-worker and worker-to-worker violence in clinical settings.
CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Not only nurses, but also nursing students, would benefit from multilevel programs of violence prevention.
Nicola Magnavita; Tarja Heponiemi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article     Date:  2011-04-01
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of nursing scholarship : an official publication of Sigma Theta Tau International Honor Society of Nursing / Sigma Theta Tau     Volume:  43     ISSN:  1547-5069     ISO Abbreviation:  J Nurs Scholarsh     Publication Date:  2011 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-05-24     Completed Date:  2011-09-23     Revised Date:  2014-07-30    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100911591     Medline TA:  J Nurs Scholarsh     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  203-10     Citation Subset:  IM; N    
Copyright Information:
© 2011 Sigma Theta Tau International.
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MeSH Terms
Nursing Staff, Hospital / psychology*,  statistics & numerical data
Retrospective Studies
Stress, Psychological / etiology
Students, Nursing / psychology*,  statistics & numerical data
Violence / psychology*,  statistics & numerical data
Workplace / psychology*,  statistics & numerical data
Young Adult

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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