Document Detail


Workplace measurement of respirator effects using respiratory inductive plethysmography.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2756868     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A useful system to study the cardiopulmonary effects of respirators in the workplace would be reliable, portable, and lightweight and would not encumber the nose or mouth or require modification to the respirator. Twenty men using such a system (which measured ventilatory parameters by respiratory inductive plethysmography [RIP]) were studied. The subjects all performed their usual jobs which involved some work with and some without a respirator. Twelve subjects used airline respirators and eight used air-purifying respirators. The RIP equipment measurements included respiratory frequency, tidal volume (VT), minute ventilation (V), and heart rate (HR). The RIP data from 20 other subjects was lost because of equipment malfunction, primarily lead separation in those whose jobs involved climbing around large workpieces. In general, the workers' cardiopulmonary parameters increased during respirator wear, probably because of a combination of factors, including the increased exercise of most respirator-requiring tasks and the weight and heat stress associated with the respirator and protective clothing. When the ventilatory parameters with and without a respirator were compared at the same heart rates, no significant differences were noted in VT for the entire group. Respiratory frequency, however, and V increased with respirator wear. The effects of respirators alone were found to be commonly confounded in the workplace by changes in protective clothing, exercise requirements, and ambient heat stress. Further improvements in the portable RIP system are needed before it can be accepted as a reliable ventilatory measurement device in the workplace.
Authors:
T K Hodous; J L Hankinson; G P Stark
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American Industrial Hygiene Association journal     Volume:  50     ISSN:  0002-8894     ISO Abbreviation:  Am Ind Hyg Assoc J     Publication Date:  1989 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1989-09-07     Completed Date:  1989-09-07     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0371160     Medline TA:  Am Ind Hyg Assoc J     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  372-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
ALOSH, Morgantown, WV 26505.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Heart Rate*
Humans
Male
Monitoring, Physiologic / methods
Plethysmography*
Protective Devices*
Respiration*
Respiratory Protective Devices*
Tidal Volume

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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